Standard poodle


Translation: Shuko U., Lutokhina O.
Country of origin: France
Date of publication of the current original text of the standard - 06.03.2007
Use: Companion Dog

FCI classification: Group 9. Companion dogs.
Section 2. Poodle. Without working tests.

Brief historical background: The French name of the breed "caniche" (poodle) comes from the French word "cane" - a duck. In other countries the breed is called a derivative of the word barboter (splashing). Initially, the poodle was used to hunt waterfowl. His origin is derived from the barbet and has retained many of its characteristic features. The name "lacaniche" (poodle) has appeared since 1743. Subsequently, the barbet and poodle as breeds were divided, the breeders made great efforts to obtain the original species and uniform color. The poodle became very popular as a companion dog because of its friendliness, cheerfulness and loyal character , and also thanks to four sizes and a variety of colors that anyone can choose according to their preferences.

General appearance: The dog is of medium proportions, with characteristic curly or corded wool. It makes an impression of an intelligent, constantly attentive, active, and harmoniously built dog, which is very elegant and full of self-esteem.

Important measurements:

The length of the muzzle is approximately 9/10 of the length of the skull.
The length of the body is slightly higher than the height at the withers.
The height at the withers is almost equal to the height of the croup.
The distance from the ground to the elbow is 5/9 of the height at the withers.

Behavior / Character (Character): A dog is distinguished by devotion, intelligence and learning ability, which makes it an especially enjoyable partner.

HEAD: Exquisite, straight lines, proportional to the body. The head should be well fashioned, it should not look heavy, but also should not be too refined.


Skull: Its width is less than half the length of the head. When viewed from above, the skull appears oval along the longitudinal axis, it is slightly convex in profile. Longitudinal axes slightly divergent.

Superciliary arches are moderately expressed, covered with long hair.

Frontal groove: Broad between the eyes, tapers towards the very well-defined occipital mound. (In dwarf poodles, the occiput may be less pronounced).

Transition from forehead to muzzle: Very slightly pronounced.


Nose: Developed, when viewed in profile, vertical, nostrils well open. In black, white and gray dogs, the nose is black, and brown in brown; apricot and red poodles - brown or black.

Muzzle: The upper profile is straight, about 9/10 the length of the skull. The lateral bones of the lower jaw are almost parallel. Muzzle looks strong. The lower profile is formed by the jaw, and not by the lower edge of the upper lip.

Lips: Moderately developed, rather dry, of medium thickness. The upper lip lies on the lower lip, not overlapping it. Black, white and gray poodles have black lips. They are brown in brown; apricot and red poodles can be brown, more or less dark, or black. The angle of the lip is not pronounced.

Jaws / Teeth: Scissor bite, strong teeth.

Cheeks: The musculature of the cheeks is not protruding, closely adjacent to the bones of the skull. The infraorbital region is well carved and slightly filled. Chest bones protrude slightly.

Eyes: Flame expression, located at the level of the transition from the forehead to the muzzle, slightly obliquely planted. Almond-like incision of eyelids. Eyes are black or dark brown in color. Brown poodles can have dark amber eyes.

Eyelids: The edges of the eyelids are black in black, white and gray poodles, brown - in brown. In apricots and reds they are brown or black.

Ears: Long enough and dropping along the cheeks. The base is located on the continuation of the line starting from the upper part of the nose and passing just below the outer corner of the eyelid. Flat, extending downward from the base, tips are rounded, covered with very long, wavy hair. The ear canal should reach the corners of the lips.

NECK: Strong, the line of the neck slightly convex, of medium length, of good proportions; the head bears high and proudly. Without the formation of a suspension. In section the neck is oval. Its length should be somewhat smaller than the length of the head.

CASE: The poodle is in very good proportions; the length of the body slightly exceeds the height at the withers.

Withers: Moderately expressed

Back: Short, harmonious contour, straight, strong. Withers and croups should be approximately at the same height.

Loin: Strong and muscular.

Croup: Round, however, not sloping.

Front of chest: The top of the sternum should protrude slightly and be placed high enough.

Thorax: It comes to the elbows. The width is 2/3 of the depth. In large poodles, the volume of the chest, measured behind the shoulder blades, should exceed the height at the withers by at least 10 cm. Oval ribs. Wide in the back area.

Lower profile line and abdomen: Tightened, but without undermining (as in the greyhound).

Tail: Planted quite high, at the level of the waist. It should be long, shortened by one-third or half the natural length. In the rack, the tail is lowered. In motion, the tail sweeps obliquely upwards.


FOREQUARTERS: Absolutely straight, parallel, well muscled and skeletal. The distance measured from the elbow angle to the ground should be somewhat longer than the distance from the elbow angle to the withers.

Shoulder: Scythe lying, with good musculature; Shoulder blade should form an angle of 110 degrees with the shoulder.

Shoulder: The length of the shoulder corresponds to the length of the shoulder blade.

Wrist: In the continuation of the forearm line.

Pastern: Strong, but not massive, when viewed from the side almost straight.

Forefeet: Rather small, closed, forming a short oval. The fingers are well arched, the pads are hard and thick. The claws are black in black and gray poodles; in brown they are black or brown. In white poodles, claws can be pink in color or have different pigmentation up to black. In apricot and red poodles, the claws are brown or black.

HINDQUARTERS: When viewed from the rear, they should be placed in parallel. The musculature is well developed and distinctly expressed. The knee joint is quite pronounced. The corners of the joint of the hip, knee and hock joints should be well expressed.

Hips: With good musculature and strong.

Hocks and tars: Pretty short and vertical. A poodle should be born without any faded fingers.

Hind legs: Look - front paws.

MOVEMENTS: The poodle has a springy, easy gait.

SKIN: Elastic, without signs of dampness, pigmented. In black, brown, gray, apricot and red poodles, pigmentation should correspond to the color of the coat. White poodles should strive for a silvery skin.



Poodle with curly hair: Abundant, fine, fluffy texture, in good curl, elastic and resisting when pressed by hand. The coat should be very thick, plentiful, of uniform length, forming commensurable curls.

Poodle cord: Abundant wool of fine texture, fluffy and dense, forming characteristic cords of the same length, which should have a length of at least 20 cm.

COLOR: single-colored coat: black, white, brown, gray, apricot and red.

Brown: Not weakened, fairly dark, uniform and warm in color. Beige and its lighter derivatives are not desirable.

Gray: Uniform, not weakened, not close to black, not whitish.

Apricot: Uniform, without transition to fawn or sand, and also in red.

Red: All wool should be uniformly colored, in no case have a tendency to apricot.

Pigmentation: Lids, nostrils, lips, gums, palate, natural openings, scrotum and paw pads should be well pigmented.


Height at withers:

Large poodle: More than 45 to 60 cm, with a tolerance of 2 cm. A large poodle should represent an enlarged small poodle, and also display its typical features.

Small poodle: More than 35 to 45 cm.

Dwarf poodle: More than 28 to 35 cm. The dwarf poodle should represent a reduced small poodle and, if possible, the same proportions. Excluding any signs of dwarfish nanism.

Toy poodle: More than 24 cm to 28 cm (ideal height of 25 cm) with a tolerance of minus 1 cm from 24 cm. The whole is a dwarf poodle, with the same proportions fulfilling all the requirements of the standard. All signs of dwarf nanism are excluded, only the occipital mound may be less pronounced.

FAULTS: Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.

- Carpous or missed back;
- Too low set tail;
- Needlessly nervous behavior;


- The absence of two P1 is not taken into account;
- Absence of one or two symmetrically arranged P2;
- Absence of M3 is not taken into account.


- Partially depigmented nose;
- Pointed muzzle;
- Spotted muzzle;
- Back of nose with a hump;
- Teeth: absence of two asymmetrically arranged P2;
- Too large, too deeply set, not enough dark eyes;
- Too short ears;
- Sloping croup;
- Tail, thrown to the back;
- Too straight angulation of the hind limbs;
- Smooth and stretched movements;
- Poor, or flaccid, or stiff wool;
- Uncertain or unevenly distributed throughout the body color: black-gray or gray-white, faded apricot (red), creamy, beige in brown or too dark brown.


- Aggressiveness or cowardice;
- Completely unpigmented nose;
- Insufficiently pronounced type, especially of the head;
- Overshot or undershot mouth;

- Teeth:

- Absence of one incisor or one canine or one carnivorous tooth;
- Absence of one P3 or one P4;
- Absence of three or more premolars (except P1);

- Tailness or natural short-tailed;
- Dewclaws or traces of their removal on the hind limbs;
- Inhomogeneous coat color;
- White spots or white wool on paws;
- Dogs more than 62 cm or less than 23 cm in those;
- Dogs with signs of dwarf nanism: an apple-shaped head, an inordinate occipital mound, a pronounced transition from forehead to muzzle, an eye on a bulge, a muzzle that is too short or upturned, a shortened jaw, an unpressed chamfered chin;
- Practically imperceptible frontal groove;
- The backbone is too light;
- Tail in the ring, the end of which falls on the back or on the croup;

Any dog ​​that detects physical anomalies or behavioral disorders should be disqualified.

Note: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles that are completely in the scrotum.



Haircut "Lion": Regardless of the type of hair, curls or curly hair, the poodle is cut from the hind limbs to the ribs. Also they are cut: the muzzle from above and from below to the lower eyelids; cheeks; front and hind legs except for cuffs or bracelets, which are not mandatory on the hind limbs; tail except for a round or oval pompon, which should be preserved. Mustaches are mandatory for everyone. It is allowed to leave the wool on the forelimbs, which is called "pants".

Haircut "Modern": On the hindquarters and forelimbs, the coat is left in accordance with the following rules:

1. Sheath:

a) The lower part of the forelimbs from claws to claws on the wrist; The lower part of the hind limbs up to the height corresponding to the forelimbs.

Hair cutting machine is limited to the fingers of the paws.

b) Head and tail in accordance with the rules described above.

As an exception to this haircut is allowed:

- Short beard on the lower jaw, which should not be longer than 1 cm; its lower line is cut parallel to the jaw. The shape of the beard, called "debove" - ​​a goatee, is not allowed;
- Absence of a pompom on the tail.

2. Shortened coat: The body forms a top line, is cut more or less long to create a moire effect, but not less than 1 cm. The length of the coat gradually increases on the sides to the upper part of the limbs.

3. Aligned wool:

a) A cap of reasonable height is left on the head, in the same way six is ​​left on the back of the neck to the withers, and in front the wool forms a continuous line up to the shaved part of the paws, while the line becomes slightly inclined at the height of the sternum. The wool on the upper part of the ears, maximally on the upper third of their length, can be shortened with scissors or shaved in the direction of growth of the coat. The lower part of the ears remains with the fur, the length of which increases from the bottom, and ends with a lined fringe.

b) On the limbs, a clear transition from the pants to the shaved part of the paws. The length of the drawn hair is constantly increasing to the shoulders and hips and ranges from 4 to 7 cm, depending on the growth of the poodle, but excessive puffiness should be avoided. Pants on the hind legs should emphasize the angles typical for the poodle joints. Any fantasies leading to a deviation from these standards of the standard are excluded. Regardless of which haircut is used, they should in no way influence the evaluation at the exhibition. All submitted poodles that start in the same class must be described and evaluated together.

English haircut: In this haircut, the bracelets or cuffs on the hind limbs are modeled in the development of the motifs of the "lion" haircut. Top head notes on head. This mustache is not required for this hairstyle. It is admissible that there is no clear distinction between the wool on the hind limbs. The top note is also not required (it is strictly forbidden to use lacquers or any other means to create a top note).

Poodles not trimmed in accordance with the requirements of the standard, while they look that way, can not be evaluated at official exhibitions, but because of this they can not be disqualified for breeding.

Haircut "Papi": (supplement to the FCI from 10.09.2007 / 95/2007-YDeClerc)

Haircut "Papi" is allowed at the exhibitions as a preparatory stage for the exhibition haircuts listed in the appendix to the standard. Poodles in the "daddy" haircut at the exhibitions can be awarded in this way, provided that they otherwise meet the criteria contained in the standard.